The apostle prefaces his epistle to
believers in general, with evident testimonies to Christ, for
promoting their happiness and joy 1-4. The necessity of a life of
holiness, in order to communion with God, is shown 5-10.
1 John Chapter 2
The apostle directs to the
atonement of Christ for help against sinful infirmities 1,2. The
effects of saving knowledge in producing obedience, and love to the
brethren 3-11. Christians addressed as little children, young men,
and fathers 12-14. All are cautioned against the love of this world,
and against errors 15-23. They are encouraged to stand fast in faith
and holiness 24-29.
1 John Chapter 3
The apostle admires the love of
God in making believers his children 1,2. The purifying influence of
the hope of seeing Christ, and the danger of pretending to this, and
living in sin 3-10. Love to the brethren is the character of real
Christians 11-15. That love described by its actions 16-21. The
advantage of faith, love, and obedience 22-24.
1 John Chapter 4
Believers cautioned against
giving heed to every one that pretends to the Spirit 1-6.
Brotherly love enforced 7-21.
1 John Chapter 5
Brotherly love is the effect of
the new birth, which makes obedience to all God's commandments
pleasant 1-5. Reference to witnesses agreeing to prove that Jesus,
the Son of God, is the true Messiah 6-8. The satisfaction the
believer has about Christ, and eternal life through him 9-12. The
assurance of God's hearing and answering prayer 13-17. The happy
condition of true believers, and a charge to renounce all idolatry